Home

Business Telephony Solutions

Bespoke voice communication solutions are designed to meet the needs of small niche businesses to scalable high end enterprise and call center systems. Read more...

Consumer & Industrial Routers

We distribute consumer and industrial mobile routers from the leading European manufacturers. Read more...

HSPA+ 3G Modems

We stock a range of GPRS, EDGE and 3G Modems for consumer and industrial applications. Read more...

Wireless Community Networks

Map of South Africa

South African wireless community networks are wireless networks that allow members to talk, send messages, share files and play games independent of the commercial landline and mobile telephone networks. Most of them use WiFi technology and many are wireless mesh networks. A wireless community network may connect to the public switched telephone network and/or the Internet, but there are various restrictions on connectivity in South Africa. Wireless community networks are particularly useful in areas where commercial telecommunications services are unavailable or unaffordable.

Development of Wireless User Group (WUG) infrastructure and applications in the cities helps train members in wireless technology skills and provides a proving ground for new technology and applications that may have large social benefits in informal communities and rural areas of South Africa and neighboring countries.

Background: South African Telecommunications Environment[edit]

South Africa has the best developed and most modern telephone system in Africa. There are almost 110 combined fixed-line and cellular telephones per 100 persons. There are 5.1 million Internet users.[1] The network is 99.9% digital. The fixed-line monopoly of Telkom SA, a listed company in which the government is the largest shareholder, expired with the licensing of Neotel as South Africa's second national operator, starting operations in November 2007. Neotel is licensed to provide the entire range of telecoms services with the exception of full mobility. Neotel is expanding their network fast, but so far is concentrating on urban areas.[2] The South African mobile communications market is growing fast. The country's three cellular network operators (Vodacom, MTN and Cell C) have over 39-million subscribers, or nearly 80% of the population.[3]

However, although there are now over one million broadband subscribers, mostly using ADSL or HSDPA,[4] bandwidth remains relatively limited and expensive.[5] Major cities such as Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg and Pretoria have launched public-private initiatives to build their own broadband networks to provide cheaper voice and data services. For example, the city of Tshwane, which includes Pretoria, is testing delivery of broadband Internet and voice services on their new metro-wide fibre-optic network using wireless hot spots to provide ADSL access.[6] In the meantime, the high cost of broadband access has stimulated development of Wireless User Groups. The WUGS are not allowed to sell internet connectivity, since they are non-commercial community networks. Although non-profit and operating in the license-exempt spectrums, their legal status is not clear. In October 2007, JAWUG requested clarification on whether it required a radio frequency spectrum and/or ECNS license for its activities.[7]

Telkom provides relatively poor voice and internet service in underdeveloped rural areas of South Africa, although it is investigating ways to improve service using wireless technology.[8] The Independent Communications Authority of South Africa has licensed several small telecoms firms to operate regional networks in remote, under-served areas of the country.[9] Bokone Telecoms in Polokwane and Amathole Telecoms in the Eastern Cape are experimenting with WiMAX technology to provide service.[10] However, due to relatively high costs and low revenue potential, these initiatives are moving slowly. There is room for more innovative approaches.

Currently, VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) service is allowed only in areas where less than five percent of the population have access to a telephone, and WiFi is restricted to use by individuals or organisations within the confines of their own premises. The argument is that low-cost or free VoIP over WiFi would destroy the incentive for commercial network providers to upgrade rural networks. However, several commentators consider that this policy is counter-productive.[11][12][13] As discussed later, many wireless community networks deliberately ignore the restrictions.

Sample City-Based Wireless Community Networks[edit]

Wireless Mesh Network. Packets are relayed from one node to another until they reach their destination.

Most cities in South Africa have one or more non-profit groups collaborating in running Wireless User Groups. Descriptions of a sample are given below, with information derived from their web sites.

Johannesburg WUG (JAWUG)[edit]

Jawug is located in Johannesburg, the largest city in South Africa. Jawug, founded in 2002[14] by Kieran Murphy, Justin Jonker, Ross Clarke and Steven Carter, was the first wireless user group in South Africa, starting as an experimental network between four students, then quickly expanding into a much larger network by interconnecting several separate wireless mesh networks. Jawug is not an ISP. Its network is used purely for non-commercial and educational purposes. Jawug is regularly used for experimental deployment of new technologies. There are currently four links which interconnect the Jawug network with PTAWUG, the Wireless User Group in Pretoria, to the north of Johannesburg. Jawug and PTAWUG work together closely - Jawug helped to get PTAWUG off the ground.[15][16] Jawug also gives technical assistance to new wireless users groups like Port Elizabeth Wireless Users Group (PEWUG). A core team of members manage all routing and highsite maintenance. Regular wugmeets are held to discuss network issues and future plans.[17]

Jawug has a membership base of approximately 300 locations, and is constantly expanding.

Pretoria WUG (PTAWUG)[edit]

The Pretoria WUG was founded on 28 July 2007. The PTAWUG constitution guarantees openness, free participation and equality to all members of the Wireless User Group. PTAWUG is exclusively funded by donations from the community. Volunteers conduct highsite installation and maintenance in their spare time. PTAWUG is the 5th largest wireless network organization in the world with about 600 member connections (7 October 2009).[18] To avoid rental costs, all highsites are on privately owned properties, mostly in high areas with a good line of sight to the surrounding areas. The network has a number of towers, with the other highsites located on tall buildings or at private residences in strategic places.[19]

The Pretoria Wireless Project is another community based network in the city, which has been connected to the Pretoria WUG network as of 3 February 2008.[20]

Cape Town Wireless User Group (CTWUG)[edit]

CTWUG Logo

The Cape Town Wireless User Group has been around since about 2005 as a small network between friends. Since then it has grown to a citywide network. CTWUG has over 1500 user sites all around Cape Town - spanning all the way from Houtbay to Stellenbosch and into the Helderberg. CTWUG is a non-profit organisation that is geared towards community based wireless networking with a focus to promote the use and understanding of wireless equipment in order to build a citywide free wireless network. The building of this network forms a social and interactive community where people with an interest in expanding and improving the network donate time, money and equipment to the group.

CTWUG runs many network enhancements, including a GameTime system which stops all bulk traffic during certain hours for gaming and other high-priority network uses. CTWUG puts a lot of priority in making sure the network is usable for as many applications and uses as possible.

No monthly or annual fees of any kind is asked for membership and all contributions are completely voluntary. CTWUG maintains good vendor relationships to ensure high quality equipment is used and supplied for all network links.

Durban Wireless Community[edit]

The Durban Wireless Community was founded in December 2004 by a group of people interested in 802.11 a/b/g wireless technology in Durban, the third most populous city in South Africa. The first meeting in January 2005 had 4 attendees. The group now has about 200 people on the mailing list and about 15 live nodes on the network spanning from Bluff to Umbilo, Morningside, Town, Tollgate and Westville. Goals of the non-profit group, which is free to join and open to all, include educating the public about wireless technology, and learning more about the technology. The Durban Wireless Community has close ties to JAWUG.[21]

Potchefstroom Community Network[edit]

The Potchefstroom Community Network is a non-profit grassroots effort by members of the community to provide a broadband network between its members, using inexpensive off-the-shelf (WiFi) radio networking equipment. The network operates in the license-exempt 2.4 GHz frequency spectrum.[22]

Stellenbosch Community Network[edit]

The Stellenbosch Community Network is a joint project between Stellenbosch University and the Stellenbosch Local Municipality in Cape Province, South Africa. Its purpose is to provide the community with wireless access to University and Municipality services. The network is in a pilot phase. It will be operated as an open public network, accessible to anyone with the right equipment.[23]

Rural Wireless Community Networks[edit]

Although the city-based community networks are typically run by hobbyists who may be primarily interested in experimenting with technology and avoiding high broadband charges while playing Internet games, they serve also as test beds for more serious projects and training grounds for wireless network engineers that may benefit projects in poor rural and informal communities. In these communities, wireless mesh networks may have great medical, educational and economic value, giving affordable telephone and internet access when coupled with initiatives such as One Laptop per Child that aim to provide low-cost devices[24] - assuming the regulator continues to remove obstacles to deploying WiFi community networks.[25]

Meraka Institute[edit]

The Meraka Institute is a government-backed organization to promote ICT development. The Wireless Africa programme of the Meraka Institute is researching ways to develop sustainable information and communications technology in developing countries. Research follows two tracks:

  • Social research into how projects in communities around South Africa, Angola and Mozambique are able to create sustainable community-owned wireless infrastructure, with focus on applications in health, education and related service delivery areas.
  • Ways to overcome technology barriers and enable bottom-up creation of wireless access infrastructure. This includes research into mesh networking, low cost voice/messaging devices, low cost access points and antennas, and network security. Experimental test bed mesh networks have been installed in Pretoria and Mpumalanga to understand issues such as scalability and quality of service.[26]

Peebles Valley Mesh Project[edit]

Design for a Waveguide WiFi Antenna using a tin can and an N connector.[27] Cost containment is crucial for rural WUGs.

The Peebles Valley mesh project is using wireless mesh networking as a low cost first mile solution connect people to the internet and each other. The project is testing if a rural community can take ownership of the network, with a trial community-run WUG near the Kruger National Park in the Mpumalanga Province.[28] The project uses "Cantennas" to connect to the wireless mesh network. These are small, self-constructed antennas made from locally available material connected to a low-cost WiFi card plugged into a computer.[29] Although sponsored by the Meraka Institute, the project members state that what they are doing is illegal under current laws.[30]

UWC Telehealth[edit]

Another project, UWC Telehealth, is testing a system in a remote rural part of the Eastern Cape in South Africa that lets nurses and doctors use a wireless IP-based communication system to conduct patient referrals, request ambulance services and order supplies.[31] The project ran into difficulties at first because Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) was illegal in South Africa, even over the UWC Telehealth network. The regulator removed this restriction, but there are still legislative obstacles to providing Internet access, which the project directors are challenging.[32]

Orange Farm and the Mesh Potato[edit]

Orange Farm is an informal settlement of about 300,000 people south of Johannesburg. Most people cannot afford mobile phones, and cannot afford to use the Internet cafes. However Dabba, a telecommunications company, is providing affordable telephone service in Orange Farm through wireless mesh technology. Dabba has installed several wireless routers that relay signals to an internet connection in a local community centre. Anyone within range of one of the routers can make phone calls using a Wi-Fi or SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) telephone. Calls within the network are free, and Dabba supports low-cost prepaid calls to telephones on other networks. However, the phones average about $100 each and it takes significant technical knowledge and investment to build a network like this, so the model may not work in poorer rural communities.

Dabba is now working with the Shuttleworth Foundation, a non-profit South African charitable organization, in the Village telco project to develop an affordable and easy-to-install telephone system for rural communities. The goal was to design a system costing no more than US$5000 to get started, which a small-scale local entrepreneur could afford, and which would break even within six months. The project came up with the concept of a "mesh potato", a cheap device (perhaps $60 per unit) that can connect a standard analog telephone to the wireless network and also serves as a wireless mesh node, relaying signals from other mesh potatoes to a central wireless internet connection. Dabba (and other companies with a similar model) will provide advice to wireless community network owners and connectivity to the outside world. The technology has been tested and several manufacturers are showing interest in building the devices. The Village Telco concept may have potential in many other countries outside South Africa.[33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CIA World Factbook: South Africa" CIA. Retrieved 6 December 2008
  2. ^ "Neotel: R5bn loan to boost network rollout"[permanent dead link] ADSL South Africa 26 October 2008. Retrieved 13 December 2008
  3. ^ "South Africa's telecommunications" South Africa.info. Retrieved 6 December 2008
  4. ^ "South Africa: Broadband subscriber base passes one million mark" International Telecommunications Union 25 March 2008. Retrieved 13 December 2008
  5. ^ "Where does South Africa really stand regarding broadband prices?" MyBroadband 18 June 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2008
  6. ^ "Tshwane gets Internet hubba hubba" Mail & Guardian 2 Dec 2005. Retrieved 6 December 2008
  7. ^ "JAWUG asks for license exemption" My Broadband 3 October 2007. Retrieved 6 December 2008
  8. ^ "Telkom Centre of Excellence at TUT to Research Communication for Rural Communities" Telkom 22 June 2006. Retrieved 13 December 2008
  9. ^ "Ministry approves four applications for rural network licences" Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) ACP-EU 4 June 2004. Retrieved 13 December 2008
  10. ^ "Connecting people in rural South Africa" EE Publishers (Pty) Ltd
  11. ^ "Restricting VoIP and WiFi costs South Africa its position as a technology leader in Africa" Bridges.org. Retrieved 13 December 2008
  12. ^ "Wi-Fi - stifled by regulatory intransigence?" Archived 6 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine. EE Publishers (Pty) Ltd. Retrieved 13 December 2008
  13. ^ "South Africa losing role as Africa's technology leader" Afrol News 27 May 2008. Retrieved 13 December 2008
  14. ^ "All grown up" Too Far North. Retrieved 23 June 2014
  15. ^ "Free networks grow" Hellkom. Retrieved 6 December 2008
  16. ^ "Free networks gain ground" My Broadband 19 June 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2008
  17. ^ "Johannesburg Area Wireless Users Group website" Retrieved 6 December 2006
  18. ^ "Free community networks gain momentum" My Broadband 12 October 2009. Retrieved 16 October 2009
  19. ^ "PTAWUG website" Retrieved 6 December 2006
  20. ^ "Pretoria Wireless Project website". P.W.P. Archived from the original on 3 July 2008. Retrieved 3 December 2008.
  21. ^ "Durban Wireless Community website" Archived 23 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 6 December 2006
  22. ^ "Potchefstroom Community Network website" Retrieved 6 December 2006
  23. ^ "Stellenbosch Community Network website" Retrieved 6 December 2006
  24. ^ "One Laptop Per Child" OLTP.org. Retrieved 13 December 2008
  25. ^ "Serving under-serviced areas in South Africa: the potential for Wi-Fi community network deployment and the role of regulation" Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Retrieved 13 December 2008
  26. ^ "African Advanced Institute for Information & Communication Technology: Wireless Africa" Meraka Institute. Retrieved 6 December 2008
  27. ^ "How To Build A Tin Can Waveguide WiFi Antenna" turnpoint.net. Retrieved 8 December 2008
  28. ^ "Internet project brings hope to rural areas" South Africa: The Good News. Retrieved 13 December 2008
  29. ^ "'Tin-can-do' connects rural areas" Brand South Africa. Retrieved 13 December 2008
  30. ^ "Peebles Valley mesh project" First Mile First Inch. Retrieved 6 December 2008
  31. ^ "Rural Transkei, Eastern Cape, South Africa" University of Waikato Computer Science Department. Retrieved 13 December 2008
  32. ^ "UWC Telehealth:Project Chapter" First Mile First Inch. Retrieved 6 December 2008
  33. ^ "The mesh potato network" The International Marketing Council of South Africa October 2008. Retrieved 13 December 2008

External links[edit]

VOIP/CONNECTIVITY/IP TELEPHONE https://www.linkedin.com/in/morelle-jacobs-92484630/

List of mobile network operators

This is a list of mobile network and satellite phone network operators measured by number of subscriptions.

For a more comprehensive list of mobile phone operators, see Mobile country codes.

Terrestrial[edit]

This is a list of the world's largest terrestrial mobile phone network operators measured by number of subscriptions.

Rank Company Main markets Technology Total
subscriptions
(in millions)
Ownership
(100% ownership unless stated otherwise)
1 China China Mobile 916.5[1]
(September 2018)
Government of the People's Republic of China (74.25%)
Public stock (25.75%)
2 India Vodafone Idea 443.94[2][3]
(July 2018)
Vodafone Group (45.2%)
Aditya Birla Group (26%)
Public stock (28.8%)
3 India Airtel 438.04[4]
(June 2018)
Bharti Telecom Limited (45.09%)
Public stock (28.16%)
Pastel Limited (14.79%)
Indian Continent Investment Limited (6.65%)
Life Insurance Corporation of India (5.31%)
4 United Kingdom Vodafone 313.1[5][Note 4][3]
(March 2018)
5 China China Unicom 309.8[6]
(September 2018)
China Unicom Limited (40.92%)
China Netcom Group (29.49%)
Telefonica (9.7%)
6 China China Telecom 294.0[7]
(September 2018)
7 Mexico América Móvil 279.0[8]
(June 2018)
Helu Slim (36.50%)
Carlos Slim (6.84%)
Public stock (56.66%)
8 Spain Telefónica 271.9[9]
(June 2018)
9 India Reliance Jio 252.30[10]
(July 2018)
Reliance Industries
10 Netherlands Veon 250.0[11]
(June 2018)
Letterone Investment Holdings S.A. (47.9%)
Telenor (33%)
Public stock (10.8%)
Stichting Administratiekantoor Mobile Telecommunications Investor (8.3%)
11 South Africa MTN Group 223.4[12]
(June 2018)
Public stock (68.02%)
Government Employees Pension Fund (17.23%)
M1 (7.72%)
12 France Orange 199.0[14]
(June 2018)
Public stock (86.6%)
Government of France (13.4%)
13 Indonesia Telkomsel 196.3[15]
(December 2017)
PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia Tbk (65%)
Singtel (35%)
14 Norway Telenor 172.2[16]
(July 2018)
Government of Norway (53.97%)
Public stock (41.74%)
The Government Pension Fund of Norway (4.79%)
15 Germany Deutsche Telekom 169.9[17]
(March 2018)
Free float (68.2%)
Federal Republic of Germany (31.8%)
16 Saudi Arabia STC 161.0[18]
(December 2016)
17 United Arab Emirates Etisalat 159.0[19]
(March 2017)
Emirates Investment Authority (60.03%)
Public stock (39.97%)
18 India BSNL 158.36
(July 2018)[20]
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd.
19 United States Verizon Wireless 151.5[21]
(March 2018)
Verizon Communications
20 Qatar Ooredoo 149.0[22]
(March 2017)
21 United States AT&T Mobility 143.8[23]
(March 2018)
AT&T Inc.
22 Hong Kong 3 112.2[24](2018) CK Hutchison Holdings
23 Russia MTS 106.2[25]
(May 2018)
Sistema (50.8%)
24 Malaysia Axiata 101.0[26]
(December 2015)
Public stock (54.91%)
Government of Malaysia (45.09%)
25 Italy TIM 92.8[27]
(September 2016)
Telecom Italia
26 Russia MegaFon 77.3[28]
(September 2016)
USM Holdings Limited (56.32%+3.92%)
Telia Company (25.17%)
Public stock (14.59%)
27 Iran Hamrahe Aval (MCI) 65.0[29]
(December 2016)
Telecommunication Company of Iran (90%)
Public stock (10%)
28 Philippines Globe Telecom 62.8[30]
(December 2016)
Asiacom (54.5%)
Singtel (21.5%)
Ayala Corporation (13.9%)
Public stock (10.2%)
29 Philippines PLDT 61.8[31]
(September 2016)
30 United StatesSprint Corporation 53.6[32]
(March 2018)
SoftBank Group (80%)

Satellite based[edit]

This is a list of the world's five largest satellite phone network operators measured by number of subscribers.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 United States Iridium Proprietary TDMA 0.824 (June 2016)[33]
2 United States Globalstar Proprietary CDMA 0.638 (March 2015)[34]
3 United Arab Emirates Thuraya Proprietary FDMA/GSM 0.260 (December 2007)[35] Etisalat (28%)
4 United Kingdom Inmarsat Proprietary GSM 0.254 (September 2009)[36]
5 Indonesia ACeS Dual-mode Satellite/GSM 0.020 (December 2007)

By region[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Operation Data". China Mobile. 2018-09-30.
  2. ^ "Trai Press Release July 2018" (PDF). Telecom Regulatory Authority of India. 18 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Merger of Idea Cellular and Vodafone India completed - creating India's largest telecom service provider" (PDF). Idea. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Fact Sheet" (PDF). Airtel. 2018-06-30.
  5. ^ "Annual Report 2018" (PDF). Vodafone Group plc. 31 March 2018. p. 10.
  6. ^ "Operation Data". China Unicom. 2018-09-30.
  7. ^ "China Telecom Corporation". China Telecom.
  8. ^ "2Q 2018 Reports" (PDF). América Móvil. 2018-06-30.
  9. ^ "Report 2Q 2018". 30 June 2018.
  10. ^ "Trai Press Release July 2018" (PDF). Telecom Regulatory Authority of India. 18 September 2018.
  11. ^ "Report 2Q 2018" (PDF). Veon. 30 June 2018.
  12. ^ "2Q Results 2018" (PDF). MTN Group. 30 June 2018.
  13. ^ https://www.orange.com/en/Group/Orange-in-the-world/countries/Non-controlling-equity-interest-Iraq
  14. ^ "Report 2Q 2018" (PDF). 30 June 2018.
  15. ^ "Annual Report 2017". 31 December 2017.
  16. ^ "2Q 2018 Telenor Group Report" (PDF). 17 July 2018.
  17. ^ "1Q 2018 Report". 31 March 2018.
  18. ^ "STC Investor Factsheet" (PDF). STC. Retrieved 25 August 2014.[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ "Etisalat 1Q Report 2017". Etisalat. 31 March 2017.
  20. ^ "July 2018 TRAI Report" (PDF). TRAI. 18 September 2018 2018. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  21. ^ "Q1 2018 Results". Verizon Communications. 31 March 2018.
  22. ^ "Q1 2017 Results" (PDF). Ooredoo. 31 March 2017.
  23. ^ "Q1 2018 Results". AT&T Inc. 31 March 2018.
  24. ^ "Operator group ranking, 2018" (PDF). GSMA intelligence. 26 July 2018.
  25. ^ "Results Q1 2018" (PDF). MTS. May 2018.
  26. ^ "Axiata - Annual Report 2015" (PDF).
  27. ^ "Financial Results Q3 2016" (PDF). TIM. 30 September 2016.
  28. ^ "Press Release Q3 2016". MegaFon. 30 September 2016.
  29. ^ "About MCI". MCI. 31 December 2016.
  30. ^ "Report 4Q 2016" (PDF). 31 December 2016.
  31. ^ "Financial highlights 3Q 2016" (PDF). 30 September 2016.
  32. ^ "Q1 2018 Results". Sprint. 31 March 2018.
  33. ^ "Iridium Q2 2016 Results" (PDF). 2016-06-30.
  34. ^ "Globestar Announces Q1 2015 Results". Globalstar.com. 2015-03-31.
  35. ^ [1] Archived 3 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  36. ^ [2] Archived 6 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  1. ^ Except Vodafone Australia
  2. ^ Except Vodafone Australia
  3. ^ Except Vodafone Australia
  4. ^ After subtracting 222.7 million subscribers of Vodafone India as per TRAI’s March 2018 Telecom Subscription Data since Vodafone India has merged with Idea Cellular Limited to form Vodafone Idea Limited.

List of mobile network operators of the Middle East and Africa

This is a list of mobile network operators of the Middle East and Africa.

Algeria[edit]

At the end of 2014, the penetration rate was estimated at 109% over a population estimate of 39.5 million.[1]

The telecom regulator in Algeria is Autorité de Régulation de la Poste et des Télécommunications (ARPT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Djezzy GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
18.6 (2014)[2] Global Telecom Holding (51.7%)[3]
2 Mobilis GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
13.0 (2014)[2] Algérie Télécom
3 Ooredoo
(formerly Nedjma)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
11.7 (2014)[2] Ooredoo (74.4%)

Angola[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 63.7% over a population estimate of 13.3 million.[4]

The telecom regulator in Angola is Instituto Angolano das Comunicações (INACOM).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Unitel GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
2100 MHz LTE
7 (nov 2011)[5] Mercury (Sonangol group) (25%), Group GENI (25%),
Vidatel (25%), Portugal Telecom (25%)[6]
2 Movicel GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
2.5 (September 2010)[6] Government (Angola Telecom (18%), Correios Telegrafos de Angola (2%)),
Porturil (40%), Modus Comicare (19%), Ipang (10%), Lambda (6%)

Bahrain[edit]

At the end of 2011 the penetration rate was estimated at 133% over a population estimate of 1.27 million.[7]

The telecom regulator in Bahrain is Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of Bahrain هيئة تنظيم الاتصالات (TRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Batelco GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.738[8] (Dec 2011) Bahrain Telecommunications Company
2 Zain
(formerly MTC-Vodafone)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
WiMAX
0.787 (Sep 2014)[9] Zain Group (56.25%)
3 Viva GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available STC

Benin[edit]

In December 2015, the penetration rate was estimated at 90.33%[10] (in 2014, the population was estimated as 10.33 millions[11]).

The telecom regulator in Benin is Autorité de Régulation des Communications Electroniques de la Poste (ARCEP).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900/1800 MHz

UMTS, DC-HSPA+ LTE

4.3[10] (Dec 2015) MTN (75%)
2 Moov GSM-900 MHz
UMTS, DC-HSPA+

LTE

3.3[10] (Dec 2015) Etisalat
3 Glo GSM-900/1800 MHz 1.7[10] (Dec 2015) Globacom
4 Libercom GSM-900 MHz 0.056[10] (Dec 2015) Benin Telecom
- BBcom GSM-900/1800 MHz ND[10][12] (Dec 2015) Bell Benin Communications

Botswana[edit]

In March 2015 the penetration rate was 167% over a population estimate of 2.05 millions.[13]

The telecom regulator in Botswana is Botswana Communications Regulatory Authority (BOCRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Mascom GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

1.7[13] (March 2015) Mascom Wireless (Pty) Limited, MTN (53%)
2 Orange GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

1.1[13] (March 2015) Orange S.A. (69%), Mosokelatsebeng Cellular (local investors, 26%), local individuals (5%)
3 BeMobile GSM-900/1800
UMTS
0.52[13] (March 2015) BTC Botswana Telecommunications Corporation

Burkina Faso[edit]

In December 2011 the penetration rate was estimated at 36% over a population estimate of 16.7 million.[14]

The telecom regulator in Burkina Faso is Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques (ARCE).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Orange GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
4.1 (2012) Orange[15]
2 Telmob (Onatel) CDMA2000, EVDO
GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
3.9 [16] (2012) Maroc Telecom (51%)
3 Telecel Faso GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE) 2 (2012) Planor Afrique

Burundi[edit]

In 2011 the penetration rate was estimated at 20% over a population estimate of 8 million.[17]

The telecom regulator in Burundi is Agence de Régulation et de Contrôle des Télécommunications (ARCT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Econet Leo
CDMA
GSM-900/1800 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS

LTE

2.6[18] (July 2015) Econet Wireless
(purchased Leo from Vimpelcom)
2 Lumitel
(Viettel Burundi)
GSM
UMTS
4G LTE
1.8[19] Viettel Group (Vietnam)
3 ONAMOB GSM-900 MHz 0.140 (Nov 2008)[citation needed] Onatel (state owned)
4 Smart Mobile
(formerly Lacell)
GSM-1800 MHz
UMTS
Not Yet Available Smart Telecom

Cabo Verde[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 87.5% over a population estimate of 0.5 million.[20]

The telecom regulator in Cabo Verde is Agência Nacional de Comunicações (ANAC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 CV Móvel GSM-900/1800 MHz UMTS 0.355[21] (September 2009) Portugal Telecom (40%)
2 T-MAIS GSM-900/1800 MHz 0.047[22] (Q1 2010) T-Mais

Cameroon[edit]

In July 2011 the penetration rate was estimated at 43% over a population estimate of 19.7 million.[23]

The telecom regulator in Cameroon is Agence de Régulation des Télécommunications (ART).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-MHz 900

LTE

10.1 [24] (dec 2014) MTN Group (70%)
2 Orange GSM-900 MHz

LTE

6.2 [24] (dec 2014) Orange S.A.
3 Nexttel GSM-900/1800 MHz
UMTS
2.0 [24] (May 2015) Viettel Global, Bestinver Cameroon S.A.R.L
4 Camtel GSM new licence in September 2014 Camtel (government)
5 YooMee WiMAX Not yet available YooMee

Central African Republic[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 17.2% over a population estimate of 4.9 million.[25]

The telecom regulator in Central African Republic is Agence de régulation des télécommunications (ART).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telecel Centrafrique GSM-900 0.143[26] (December 2008) Orascom Telecom
2 Orange GSM-1800 (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
0.189[27] (Dec 2009) Orange S.A.
3 Nationlink GSM-900 0.158[28] (end 2008) Bintel
4 Moov GSM Not Yet Available Etisalat

Chad[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 24.3% over a population estimate of 10.7 million.[29]

The telecom regulator in Chad is Office Tchadien de Régulation des Télécommunications (OTRT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Tigo GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE. 3G HSPA 2100 MHz,4G LTE 10 MHz ) 1.257[30] (Oct 2010) MIC
2 Airtel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

1.199 (June 2009) Bharti Airtel

Comoros[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 20.8% over a population estimate of 0.8 million.[31]

The telecom regulator in Comoros is Autorité Nationale de Régulation des TIC (ANRTIC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Comores Telecom (Comtel) GSM-900

UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+ LTE

0.056 (2007)[32] government (Societe Nationale des Telecommunications)
2 Comoro Gulf Holding GSM - 90% Comoro Gulf Holding, 10% government

Congo[edit]

In Q4 2015 the penetration rate was estimated at 95.7%[33] over a population estimate of 4.6 million.

The telecom regulator in Congo is Agence de Régulation des postes et des Communications Electroniques (ARPCE).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900 MHz
UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+

LTE

2.250[34] (Q4 2015) MTN
2 Airtel GSM-900 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

1.851[34] (Q4 2015) Bharti Airtel (90%)
3 Azur GSM-900/1800 MHz 0.313[34] (Q4 2015) Bintel

Côte d'Ivoire[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 68.5% over a population estimate of 21.5 million.[35]

The telecom regulator in Côte d'Ivoire is Autorité de Régulation des Télécommunications/TIC de Côte d'Ivoire (ARTCI).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Orange GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+

LTE

13.531 (Sept 2017)[27] Orange S.A. (85%), Comafrique (15%)
2 MTN GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

11.173 (Sep 2017)[36] MTN (64.7%), Planor (25.3%), Teylium group (10%)
3 Moov GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
7.587 (Sep 2017)[22] Etisalat
- Koz GSM-900/1800 2.500 (April 2010)[37] Comium (licence revoqued)[38]
- GreenN GSM-900/1800 0.617 (Q1 2010)[citation needed] LAP Oricel (licence revoqued)[38]
- Warid GSM Not Yet Available Warid Telecom (licence revoqued)[38]
- Mobile Cafe GSM Not Yet Available Aircomm (licence revoqued)[38]
8 YooMee TD-LTE Not Yet Available YooMee

Democratic Republic of the Congo[edit]

In 2016 the penetration rate was estimated at 50% over a population estimate of 80 million.

The telecom regulator in Democratic Republic of the Congo is Agence de Régulation de la Poste et des Télécommunications du Congo (ARPTC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodacom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
WiMAX
10.008[39] (Mar 2014) Vodacom (51%), Congolese Wireless Network (49%)
2 Orange GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
5.28[40] (Q3 2015) Orange S.A.
- Tigo / Orange GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
6.5 (Q1 2016) MIC(acquired by Orange in Feb 2016, subject to Regulator approval[41])
3 Africell GSM
UMTS
5.5 (Dec 2014) Africell Holding[42]
4 Airtel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
5.0[43] (Aug, 2012) Bharti Airtel (98.5%)
5 Supercell GSM-900 0.028 (covers Kivu only) [44]
6 SemaTel GSM not started Hits Telecom[45] (60%)
7 U-Com CDMA not started Global Vision Telecom (Telecel International)[46]
Smile LTE launch expected in 2016 [47] Smile Communications (Al-Nahla Technology, Atheeb Trading Company, Capitalworks, Verene) [48]

Djibouti[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 14.88% over a population estimate of 0.75 million.[49]

The telecom regulator in Djibouti is Ministère de la Communication chargé des Postes et des Télécommunications (MCPT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Evatis GSM-900 MHz
UMTS, HSPA
0.106 (Q1 2010)[citation needed] Djibouti Telecom (government)

Egypt[edit]

Egypt has 99 million mobile users as of December 2017, government figures showed.[50]

The telecom regulator in Egypt is National Telecom Regulatory Authority (NTRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodafone GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
LTE
38.505[51] (March 2018) Vodafone Group plc (54.93%), Telecom Egypt (44.94%), Free Float (0.13%)
2 Orange
(formerly Mobinil)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
LTE
33.0[50] (March 2017) Orange S.A. (99.39%), Free Float (0.61%)
3 Etisalat GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
LTE
24.1[50] (March 2017) Etisalat (76%), Egypt Post (20%), Other Investors (4%)
4 We (by Telecom Egypt) GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
1.6 (December 2017) Egyptian government (80%), Free Float (20%)

Equatorial Guinea[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 74% over a population estimate of 0.6 million.[52]

The telecom regulator in Equatorial Guinea is Órgano Regulador de las Telecomunicaciones Telecommunications Regulatory Agency (ORTEL).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Orange GSM-900 MHz 0.333[27] (Dec 2009) Orange S.A. (40%), Equatorial Guinea state (60%)
2 Muni GSM-900/1800 MHz UMTS 0.150 (September 2013)[citation needed] Green-com S.A. (Hits Africa)
3 Gecomsa not yet available
(created in 2012)
Equatorial Guinea state (51%), China state (49%)

Eritrea[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 3.4% over a population estimate of 5.9 million.[53]

The telecom regulator in Eritrea is Eritrean Communications Regulatory Authority (ECRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Eritel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS) Not Yet Available Eritrea Telecommunications Services Corporation

Ethiopia[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 4.6% over a population estimate of 90.8 million.[54]

The telecom regulator in Ethiopia is Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (MCIT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Ethiotelecom GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+

LTE

26.2[55] Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation

Gabon[edit]

In October 2009 the penetration rate was estimated at almost 100%.[56]

The telecom regulator in Gabon is Autorité de Régulation des communications Electroniques et des Postes (ARCEP).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Airtel
(formerly Celtel, Zain)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

0.836 (June 2009) Bharti Airtel (90%)
2 Libertis GSM-900 MHz 0.513 (Dec 2009)[citation needed] Maroc Telecom (51%),
Gabonese government (49%)
3 Moov GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE) 0.140[57] (September 2008) Etisalat
4 Azur GSM-900 MHz Not Yet Available Bintel Saudi Binladin Group (60%)

Gambia[edit]

In 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 85.53% over a population estimate of 1.77 million.

The telecom regulator in Gambia is Public Utilities Regulatory Authority (PURA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Africell GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

1.30 (Jan 2015)[citation needed] Africell Gambia LTD
2 Comium GSM-900/1800 (GPRS) 0.25 (2012)[citation needed] Comium Group
3 Gamcel GSM-900 0.24 (2012)[citation needed] Gambia Telecommunications Cellular Company Ltd
4 Qcell GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0.115 (2012)[citation needed] Qcell

Ghana[edit]

In December 2015 the penetration rate was estimated at 127% over a population estimate of 25.4 million.[58]

The telecom regulator in Ghana is National Communications Authority (NCA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

16.25[58] (Dec 2015) MTN (97.7%)
2 Vodafone GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

9.067[58] (March 2018) Vodafone (70%)
3 Tigo GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

4.85[58] (Dec 2015) MIC
4 Airtel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

4.79[58] (Dec 2015) Bharti Airtel (75%)
5 Glo GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1.37[58] (Dec 2015) Globacom
6 Expresso Telecom CDMA2000 1X 0.13[58] (Dec 2015) Sudatel

Guinea[edit]

In Q4 2015, the penetration rate was estimated at 99.1%[59] over a population estimate of 10.8 millions.

The telecom regulator in Guinea is Autorité de Régulation des Postes et Télécommunications (ARPT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Orange GSM-900/1800 MHz 5.24[59] (Q4 2015) Orange S.A. (52.2%)
2 MTN
(formerly Areeba)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
WiMAX
3.21[59] (Q4 2015) MTN (75%)
3 Cellcom Guinée GSM-900/1800 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS
2.14[59] (Q4 2015) Cellcom Telecommunications Ltd[60]
4 Intercel GSM-900 MHz 0.11[59] (Q4 2015) Telecel Guinee SARL
- Sotelgui GSM-900 MHz 0.16[citation needed] Telekom Malaysia, government

Guinea-Bissau[edit]

In March 2015 the penetration rate was estimated at 67.0% over a population estimate of 1.75 million.[61]

The telecom regulator in Guinea-Bissau is Autoridade Reguladora Nacional das Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação da Guiné Bissau (ARN).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900/1800 UMTS

LTE

0.575 (Sep 2014)[36] MTN Group
2 Orange GSM-900/1800

LTE

0.477 (Dec 2013)[62] Orange S.A. (52.2%)
3 pt:Guinetel GSM-900 not available Guinea Telecom

Iran[edit]

In December 2016 the penetration rate was estimated at 101.05% over a population estimate of 80 million.

The telecom regulator in Iran is Communications Regulatory Authority of the Iran سازمان تنظيم مقررات و ارتباطات رادیویی (CRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers[63]
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Hamrahe Aval GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100/900 MHz (HSPA, DC-HSPA+)
1800/2600 MHz (LTE, LTE-A)
47.5 (Q1 2018) Telecommunication Company of Iran
2 Irancell GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100/900 MHz (HSPA, DC-HSPA+)
1800/2600 MHz (LTE, LTE-A)
32.5 (Q1 2018) Iran Electronic Development Company (51%)
MTN Group (49%)
3 RighTel 2100/900 MHz (HSPA, DC-HSPA+)
1800 MHz (LTE)
2.5 (Q1 2018) Social Security Investment Company

Iraq[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 74.2% over a population estimate of 30.4 million.[64]

The telecom regulator in Iraq is Communications and Media Commission هيئة الإعلام والإتصالات (CMC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Zain GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE, 3G)

LTE

13.298[9] (Sep 2014) Zain Group (71.67%)
2 Asia Cell GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE) 11.644[65] (Q2 2014) Ooredoo (30%)
3 Korek GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, High-Speed Packet Access|HSPA) Not Yet Available Korek Telecom Ltd.
4 Omnnea CDMA Not Yet Available Omnnea
5 Itisaluna CDMA 2000 1x & EVDO-450,800,1900 MHz Not Yet Available Itisaluna

Israel[edit]

In 2014 the penetration rate was estimated at 125% over a population estimate of 10.27 million.[66]

The telecom regulator in Israel is Ministry of Communications משרד התקשורת (MOC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
Mobile Network Operators
1 Cellcom GSM-1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
1800 MHz LTE
2.812 [67] (June 2016) DIC (41.77%), Public (58.23%)
2 Partner GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
2.700[68] (June 2016) Free float (69.8%), S.B. Israel Telecom (30.2%)
3 Pelephone 850/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
2.260[69] (June 2016) Bezeq
4 Golan Telecom GSM-1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.8 [70] (July 2015) Private Investors and Iliad SA
5 Hot Mobile 800 MHz iDEN
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.32[71] (September 2013) HOT
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
6 Rami Levy
(using Pelephone)
CDMA2000 EV-DO, UMTS, DC-HSPA+, LTE N/A Rami Levy Hashikma Marketing
8 019 Telzar
(using Partner)
GSM, GPRS, EDGE, UMTS, DC-HSPA+, LTE N/A
9 Cellact
(using Pelephone)
CDMA2000 EV-DO, UMTS, DC-HSPA+, LTE N/A Cellact Communication

Jordan[edit]

In March 2016 the penetration rate was estimated at 140% over a population estimate of 14.09 million.[72]

The telecom regulator in Jordan is Telecommunications Regulatory Commission هيئة تنظيم قطاع الاتصالات (TRC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Zain Jordan GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, LTE
4.94[72] (Q1 2016) Zain Group
2 Orange Jordan GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, LTE
4.59[72] (Q1 2016) Orange S.A.
3 Umniah GSM-1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+, LTE
4.55[72] (Q1 2016) Batelco

Kenya[edit]

The country has 40.8 million subscribers in total, or a 76.9% penetration rate.[73] (Jan 2018)

The telecom regulator in Kenya is Communications Authority of Kenya (CAK).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Safaricom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
WiMAX
800/1800 MHz LTE
29.4[73] (Jan 2018) Vodafone (40%)
Public Float (60%)
2 Airtel
(formerly Zain)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

6.09[73] (Jan 2018) Bharti Airtel (80%)
3 Telkom Kenya
(formerly Orange)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+

LTE

3.4[73] (Jan 2018) Helios Investment Partners (70%)[74]
Kenyan government (30%)
4 Jamii Telecommunications

(Faiba 4G)

LTE-700 MHz Jamii Telecommunications Limited

Kuwait[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 164.7% over a population estimate of 2.6 million.[75]

The telecom regulator in Kuwait is Communication and Information Technology Regulatory Authority (CITRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Zain GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
2.688 (Sep 2014)[9] Zain Group
2 Ooredoo
(formerly Wataniya)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
2.327[65] (Q2 2014) Ooredoo (52.5%)
3 Viva GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
1.106[when?][citation needed] STC (26%)

Lebanon[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 65.9% over a population estimate of 4.1 million.[76]

The telecom regulator in Lebanon is Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 touch GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.125 (Sep 2014)[9] government - management contract: Zain Group
2 Alfa GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1.8M[77] (2014) government - management contract: Orascom Telecom

Lesotho[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 45.77% over a population estimate of 1.9 million.[78]

The telecom regulator in Lesotho is Lesotho Communications Authority (LCA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodacom GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
LTE
WiMAX
1.344[39] (Mar 2014) Sekha-Metsi Consortium (12%), Vodacom (88%)
2 Econet Ezi-Cel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS HSDPA
Not Yet Available Econet Ezi Cel Lesotho (Pty)

Liberia[edit]

At the end of 2013, the penetration rate was estimated at 68.3% over a population estimate of 3.8 million.[79]

The telecom regulator in Liberia is Liberia Telecommunications Authority (LTA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Lonestar Cell GSM-900 1.299 (Sep 2014)[36] MTN (60%)
2 Cellcom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.997[79] (end 2013) Orange Côte d'Ivoire
(formerly owned by Cellcom Telecommunications)
3 Novafone
(formerly Comium)
GSM-900 (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
0.236[79] (end 2013) Comium Services BVI
4 Libtelco ? 0.005[79] (end 2013) Liberia Telecommunications Corporation

Libya[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 169.74% over a population estimate of 6.6 million.[80]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Almadar Aljadid GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE),
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+

LTE

3.1[81] (December 2016) State-owned via GPTC
2 Libyana GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE),
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+, 4G, LTE
6.3[81] (December 2016) State-owned via GPTC

Madagascar[edit]

In 2014 the penetration rate was estimated at 42% (9.7 miilions) over a population estimate of 23 millions.[82]

The telecom regulator in Madagascar is Autorité de Régulation des Technologies de Communication (ARTEC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Airtel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

2.56 (April 2013)[83] Bharti Airtel
2 Telma Mobile CdmaOne
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA

LTE

1.98 (April 2013) Distacom Group, Telma SA, Hiridjee group
3 Orange GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)

LTE

1.85 (April 2013) Orange S.A. (40.01%)
4 Blueline LTE N/A Blueline
5 bip Madagascar LTE launched in June 2016 Blueline

Malawi[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 19.32% over a population estimate of 15.9 million.[84]

The telecom regulator in Malawi is Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Airtel
(formerly Zain)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

3.5 (September 2015) [85] Bharti Airtel
2 TNM GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

2 (July 2013) [86] Malawi Telecommunications Limited, Telekom Malaysia
3 G-Mobile GSM Globally Advanced Integrated Networks,[87] Beryl (South Africa)
4 Lacell GSM La Cell Private Limited[88]
5 G-Expresso GSM Expresso Telecom Group Limited[88]

Mali[edit]

The country had 7.6 million subscribers in total (in March 2011), or a 50% penetration rate.[89]

The telecom regulator in Mali is Autorité Malienne de Régulation des Télécommunications/TIC et des Postes (AMRTP).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Orange GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
5.0 (March 2011) Orange S.A. 52.2%
2 Sotelma-Malitel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
2.6[90] (March 2011) Maroc Telecom 51%, local investors 20%, government 19%, staff 10%[91]
3 Planor GSM licensed in Jan 2012 Planor (support of Monaco Telecom)

Mauritania[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 85.92% over a population estimate of 3.3 million.[92]

The telecom regulator in Mauritania is Autorité de Régulation (ARE).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Mauritel GSM-900 MHz 1.335 (Dec 2009)[citation needed] Maroc Telecom (51.5%)
2 Chinguitel CDMA
UMTS
0.160[93] (May 2008) Sudatel (60%)
3 MATTEL GSM-900 MHz Not Yet Available Tunisie Telecom (51%), Mauritanian Investors (49%)

Mauritius[edit]

The country has 0.78 million subscribers in total, or a 60% penetration rate.[94] (September 2007)

The telecom regulator in Mauritius is Information and Communication Technologies Authority of Mauritius (ICTA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Orange GSM-900 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
0.628[27] (Dec 2009) Mauritius Telecom group and Orange S.A.
2 Emtel GSM-900 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
0.437[95] (Dec 2009) MIC (50%), Currimjee
3 CHiLi CdmaOne, EvDo, GSM, UMTS 0.2[citation needed] (March 2008) Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited (MTML)

Morocco[edit]

The country has 31.311 million subscribers in total, or a 113.57% penetration rate.[96] (December 2011)

The telecom regulator in Morocco is Agence Nationale de Réglementation des Telecommunications (ANRT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Maroc Telecom GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA,
800/1800 MHz, LTE, LTE-A
18.373 (June 2017) Etisalat (53%), state of Morocco (30%)
2 Orange GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA,
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
14.692 (June 2017) Orange S.A. (49%),
FinanceCom+CDG (51%)
3 inwi GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+,
800/1800/2600 MHz, LTE, LTE-A
6.425 (June 2017) Zain Group (31%)

Mozambique[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 27.19% over a population estimate of 22.95 million.[97]

The telecom regulator in Mozambique is Instituto Nacional de Telecomunicações de Moçambique (INCM).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 mcel GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
>5.3[98][when?] Partially state-owned
2 Vodacom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
4.333[39] (Mar 2014) Vodacom (85%)
3 Movitel GSM 2[99] (May 2013) Viettel (70%), SPI (30%)[100]

Namibia[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 85.53% over a population estimate of 2.15 million.[101]

The telecom regulator in Namibia is Communications Regulatory Authority of Namibia (CRAN).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTC GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSUPA, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
1.855[102] (September 2011) Namibia Post and Telecommunications Holdings (66%)
Portugal Telecom (34%)
2 TN Mobile
(formerly Cell One, Leo)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

0.300 (Dec. 2010) Telecom Namibia Ltd.

Niger[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 20.63% over a population estimate of 16.5 million.

The telecom regulator is Autorité de Régulation des Télécommunications et de la Poste (ARTP).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Airtel GSM-900 1.341 (June 2009) Bharti Airtel (90%)
2 Sonitel GSM-900 2.5 (Q1 2012) Sahel-Com, Lap Green overtaken by government[103]
3 Orange GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0.462[27] (Dec 2009) Orange S.A.
4 Moov GSM-900 Not Yet Available Maroc Telecom

Nigeria[edit]

In September 2013 the penetration rate was estimated at 84% over a population estimate of 193.4 million.[104]

The telecom regulator in Nigeria is Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

62.5 [105] (September 2015) MTN (41.5%)
2 Airtel
(formerly Zain)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+

LTE

31.1 [105] (September 2015) Bharti Airtel (20.6%)
3 Glo Mobile GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

31.3 [105] (September 2015) Globacom (20.78%)
4 9mobile
(formerly Etisalat)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+

LTE

23.5 [105] (September 2015) Etisalat, Mubadala, Nigerian Investors (15.60%)
5 Visafone CDMA2000 1X 2.03 [105] (September 2015) Visafone(0.014%)
6 Multilinks Telkom CDMA2000 1X 0.01 [105] (September 2015) Telkom

Oman[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 142.19% over a population estimate of 3 million.[106]

The telecom regulator in Oman is Telecommunications Regulatory Authority هيئة تنظيم الاتصالات (TRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Omantel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz FD-LTE, 2300 MHz TD-LTE
2.72[107] (Dec 2013) Omantel (99%)
2 Ooredoo
(formerly Nawras)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
800/1800 MHz FD-LTE, 2300 MHz TD-LTE
2.472[65] (Q2 2014) Ooredoo (55%)

Palestine[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 97.5% over a population estimate of 2.5 million.[108]

The telecom regulator in Palestine is Palestinian Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (PTRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Jawwal GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE) 2.45[109] (Q1 2012) Paltel
2 Wataniya GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE) 0.679[65] (Q2 2014) Ooredoo (57%), Palestine Investment Fund (43%)

Qatar[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 322.52% over a population estimate of 0.8 million.[110]

The telecom regulator in Qatar is Communications Regulatory Authority (CRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Ooredoo
(formerly Qtel)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.996[65] (Q2 2014) Ooredoo
2 Vodafone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1.372[51] (September 2014) Vodafone (22.95%), Qatari Institutions (37.05%), Free Float (40%)

La Réunion[edit]

This French overseas territory has ? million subscribers in total, or a 74.7% penetration rate.[111] (2008)

The telecom regulator in La Réunion is Autorité de Régulation des Communications Electroniques et des Postes (ARCEP).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 SFR GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+

LTE

Not Yet Available SFR
2 Orange GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+

LTE

Not Yet Available Orange
3 FREE GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
Not Yet Available fr: ILIAD and TELCO OI

Rwanda[edit]

In December 2013 the penetration rate was estimated at 63.5% over a population estimate of 11.4 million.[112]

The telecom regulator in Rwanda is Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Agency (RURA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

3.56[113] (Dec 2013) MTN Group (55%), Crystal Telecom (35%)
2 Tigo GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

2.18[113] (Dec 2013) MIC (87.5%)
3 Airtel GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
LTE
0.96[113] (Dec 2013) Bharti
- Rwandatel CdmaOne
GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
[114] (license revoked Apr 2011) LAP Green Networks (80%)

São Tomé and Príncipe[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 57.94% over a population estimate of 0.18 million.[115]

The telecom regulator in São Tomé and Príncipe is Autoridade Geral de Regulação (AGER).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 CST GSM-900 UMTS[116] 0.078[21] (September 2009) Portugal Telecom (51%)

Saudi Arabia[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 162.6% over a population estimate of 26.1 million.[117]

The telecom regulator in Saudi Arabia is Communications and Information Technology Commission هيئة الاتصالات وتقنية المعلومات (CITC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 STC 2G :GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
3G :900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
4G FD-LTE :1800 MHz
4G TD-LTE :2300 MHz
19.914[118] (Q3 2010) 70% state owned and 30% private[citation needed]
2 Mobily 2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
3G :2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
4G TD-LTE:2600 MHz
4G FD-LTE:1800 MHz
15.06[118] (Q3 2010) Etisalat (25%)
3 Zain 2G:GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
3G:900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
4G FD-LTE:2100/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
11.40 (Dec 2015) Zain Group (37%)
4 Bravo iDEN 0.196 (Sept2009)[citation needed] STC
5 Virgin mobile KSA GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz FD-LTE, 2300 MHz TD-LTE
6 Lebara KSA GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz FD-LTE, 2600 MHz TD-LTE

Senegal[edit]

At the end of December 2015 the penetration rate was estimated at 110,74%, over a population estimate of 13,5 millions.[119]

The telecom regulator in Senegal is Autorité de Régulation des Télécommunications et des Postes (ARTP).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Orange

Orange Avec Kirene virtual operator using the infrastructure of orange Senegal

GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS

LTE

8.415[119] (31 Dec 2015) Sonatel, Orange S.A. (52.2%)
2 Tigo GSM-900
UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

3.355[119] (31 Dec 2015) MIC
3 Expresso CDMA
GSM-900/1800
UMTS
3.188[119] (31 Dec 2015) Sudatel
4 Hayo Telecom CDMA
GSM-900/1800
UMTS
0.483[119] (31 Dec 2015) CSU

Seychelles[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 245% over a population estimate of 0.09 million.[120]

The telecom regulator in Seychelles is Department of Information Communications Technology (ICT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Airtel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

Not Yet Available Bharti Airtel
2 Cable & Wireless GSM-900 MHz Not Yet Available Cable & Wireless

Sierra Leone[edit]

The country has 0.8 million subscribers in total, or a 13.23% penetration rate.[121] (2007)

The telecom regulator in Sierra Leone is National Telecommunications Commission (NATCOM).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Africell GSM-900
UMTS
2.9[122] (feb 2015) Lintel Limited
2 Orange GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

0.644[123] (Feb 2012) Orange[15]
3 Sierratel CDMA Not Yet Available government, managed by MDIC[124]
Comium GSM-900/1800
WiMAX
0.650[125] (2009) Comium licence revoked since oct 2014,[126] while NATCOM managers have been sacked in 2015[127]
GreenN GSM Not Yet Available Ambitel (LapGreen) licence revoked since September 2014[128]

Somalia[edit]

As of 2009, dial up internet services in Somalia were among the fastest developing in the region, with an annual landline growth rate of over 12.5%. Internet via satellite also had a steady growth rate of 10% to 15% per year.[129]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Hormuud GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

2.38[130] (Q4 2015) Hormuud Telecom Somalia Inc
2 Telcom Somalia GSM
2100 MHz UMTS

LTE

1.00[130] (Q4 2015) Haatif Telecom Somalia
3 Telesom Mobile GSM
2100 MHz UMTS
0.80[130] (Q4 2015) Telesom Group
4 Nationlink GSM-900 0.71[130] (Q4 2015) Bintel
5 Somtel GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

0.46[130] (Q4 2015) Dahabshiil
6 Golis Telecom Somalia GSM-900 0.24[130] (Q4 2015) Golis Telecom Somalia, Gaani Wireless
7 Somafone GSM-900 0.20[130] (Q4 2015) Somali Telecom Group
8 Netco GSM-900 Not Yet Available Somali Telecom Group

South Africa[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 99.6% over a population estimate of 49 million.[131]

The telecom regulator in South Africa is Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodacom GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
WiMAX
41.6[132] (Dec 2017) Vodafone (65%)
2 MTN GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
30.9[133] (Sep 2017) MTN Group
3 Cell C GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
16.3[134] (Dec 2017) Oger Telecom in process of diluting it's 70% stake to 27%

Blue Label Telecoms is planning to acquire a 30% stake in Cell C[135]

4 Telkom GSM-1800 (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

2300 MHz LTE

4.0[136] (March 2017) Telkom
5 Rain 1800 MHz LTE Rain (formerly Wireless Business Solutions) 80%

ARC 20%

South Sudan[edit]

The country has 1 million subscribers in total, or an 8% penetration rate.[137]

The telecom regulator in South Sudan is Ministry of Telecommunication and Postal Services (MOTPS).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900/1800  MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0.787[36] (Sep 2014) MTN Group
2 Zain GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
0.664[9] (Sep 2014) Zain Group
3 Sudani GSM (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
Not Yet Available Sudatel[not operationally active]
4 Vivacell (NOW) GSM-900/1800  MHz Not Yet Available Fattouch Investment Group (75%), Wawat Securities (25%)[138]
5 Gemtel GSM-900/1800 MHz Not Yet Available Lap Green Networks (80%)

Sudan[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 42.3% over a population estimate of 45 million.[139]

The telecom regulator in Sudan is National Telecommunication Corporation (NTC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Zain GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, LTE
11.095[9] (Sep 2014) Zain Group
2 MTN GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, LTE
8.474[36] (Sep 2014) MTN Group (85%)
3 Sudani CDMA
GSM-1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA
Not Yet Available Sudatel
4 Canar CdmaOne Not Yet Available Bank of Khartoum (100%)

Swaziland[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 13.73% over a population estimate of 10.37 million.[140]

The telecom regulator in Swaziland is Swaziland Communications Commission (SCCom).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

0.928 (Sep 2014)[36] MTN Group (30%)

Syrian Arab Republic[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 46.6% over a population estimate of 22.5 million.[141]

The telecom regulator in Syrian Arab Republic is Syrian Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (SyTRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN
(formerly Areeba)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA,LTE
5.676 (Sep 2014)[36] MTN Group (39%)
2 Syriatel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
7.1 [142] (Aug 2014) Syriatel

Tanzania (United Republic of)[edit]

In March 2015 the penetration rate was estimated at 65% [143] over a population estimate of 51 million.

The telecom regulator in Tanzania is Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodacom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

12.17 [143] (March 2015) Vodacom (82.2%)
2 Airtel
(formerly Zain)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

9.70 [143] (March 2015) Bharti Airtel (60%)
3 Tigo GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
LTE
9.26 [143] (March 2015) MIC
4 Zantel GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1.74 [143] (March 2015) Etisalat (51%) and Zanzibar Telecom Ltd
5 TTCL Mobile CDMA 0.30 [143] (March 2015)
6 Benson Informatics CDMA 0.0005[143] (March 2015)
7 MyCell CDMA-800 Not Yet Available Quality Group Ltd
8 Excellentcom GSM Not Yet Available Hits Telecom
9 Egotel (Lacell) UMTS Not Yet Available Bitmap (65%), J&AK Group (35%)
10 Smart Not Yet Available
11 Smile Communications 4G TD-LTE Not Yet Available
12 Halotel GSM
UMTS
Launched October 15, 2015. Viettel Tanzania Limited (Subsidiary of Viettel Group[144][145])

Togo[edit]

In June 2014 the penetration rate was estimated at 60.7% over a population estimate of 7.2 million.[146]

The telecom regulator in Togo is Autorité de Règlementation des secteurs de Postes et de Télécommunications (ART&P).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Togocel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
2.751 (4Q 2014)[citation needed] Togo Telecom (state owned)
2 Moov GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE) 1.648 (4Q 2014)[citation needed] Etisalat

Tunisia[edit]

The country has 11.2 million subscribers in total, or a 105.8% penetration rate.[147] (Sep 2010)

The telecom regulator in Tunisia is Instance Nationale des Télécommunications (INT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Ooredoo
(formerly Tunisiana)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

LTE

7.375[65] (Q2 2014) Ooredoo (75%)
2 Tunisie Telecom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+

LTE

5.04 [148] (March 2008) Tunisie Télécom Group (65%),
Tecom DIG (35%) [147]
3 Orange GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+

LTE

0.53 Orange S.A., Divona

Turkey[edit]

Turkey has 71.7 million subscribers in total, or a 94.34% penetration rate. (2015)

The telecom regulator in Turkey is Information and Communication Technologies Authority (BTK : Bilgi Teknolojileri ve Iletisim Kurumu).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Turkcell GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+, 3C-HSDPA
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
34.000 [149] (Q2 2015) TeliaSonera (37.09%), Cukurova Group (13.81%), Alfa Group (13.22%), MV Holding (1.18%), 34.70% in minoritaries
2 Vodafone
(Formerly Telsim)
GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
23.298[51] (March 2018) Vodafone (100%)
3 Türk Telekom
(Formerly Avea, Aria, Aycell)
GSM 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
16.700 [149] (Q2 2015) Türk Telekom (100%)

Uganda[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 30.78% over a population estimate of 34.6 million.[150]

The telecom regulator in Uganda is Uganda Communications Commission (UCC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN CDMA
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
2600 MHz TD-LTE
WiMAX
10.181[36] (September 2014) MTN Group (96%)
2 Airtel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
4.6 [151] (April 2013) Bharti Airtel
3 Africell GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz & 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800 MHz LTE & 2600 MHz LTE
1.8 [27] (November 2016) Africell Holding (95%)
Warid
(Bought by Airtel in 2013)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
WiMAX
2.8 [151] (April 2013) Airtel Africa
4 UT Mobile CdmaOne
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1.0(July 2016) Uganda Telecom Limited
5 Essar GSM (GPRS) Not Yet Available Essar Group (90%)
6 Smart Telecom unknown uses Sure Telecom licence[152] Smart Telecom

United Arab Emirates[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 230.6% over a population estimate of 5.15 million.[153]

The telecom regulator in United Arab Emirates is Telecommunications Regulatory Authority الهيئة العامة لتنظيم قطاع الاتصالات (TRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Etisalat GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
8.92 [154] (April 2013) UAE Federal Government (40%) and public shareholders (60%)
2 du GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
7.6 [155] (Q1 2014) UAE Federal Government (39.5%), Mubadala Development Company (19.75%), TECOM Investments (19.5%), and public shareholders (21.25%)

Yemen[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 38.4% over a population estimate of 24.1 million.[156]

The telecom regulator in Yemen is Public Telecommunication Corporation (PTC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Spacetel GSM-900 MHz 5.300[36] (Sep 2014) MTN Group (85%)
2 Sabafon GSM-900 MHz 3.65[157] (September 2012) Yemen Mobile Phone Company, Batelco (26.942%)
3 Yemen Mobile CDMA2000/1x 2.180 (2008–2009)[citation needed] Yemen Mobile
4 HiTS-UNITEL (Y) GSM-900 MHz 0.281 (2008–2009)[citation needed] HiTS-UNITEL

Zambia[edit]

In December 2011 the penetration rate was estimated at 62% over a population estimate of 13.9 million.[158]

The telecom regulator in Zambia is Zambia Information & Communications Technology Authority (ZICTA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+

LTE

4.447[36] (Sep 2014) MTN Group
2 Airtel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

4.04[159] (May 2014) Bharti Airtel (78.88%)
3 ZAMTEL GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1.2 (Dec 2011)[citation needed] Zambia Telecommunications Company Ltd

Zimbabwe[edit]

In December 2011 the penetration rate was estimated at 74.7% to 9.037 million subscribers.[160]

The telecom regulator in Zimbabwe is Postal and Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of Zimbabwe (POTRAZ).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Econet GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
WiMAX
5.686[161] (February 2012) Econet Wireless (Private) Limited
2 Telecel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1.875 [161] (February 2012) VimpelCom Ltd (60%)
3 Net*One GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
1.456[161] (February 2012) NetOne Cellular (Pvt) Ltd (government)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Observatoire du marché de la telephonie mobile en Algerie annee 2014" (PDF). Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "Algérie - Parc global des abonnés aux réseaux mobiles GSM & 3G par opérateur 2014". Autorite de Regulation de la Poste et des Telecommunications (Algeria). 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  3. ^ "VimpelCom Sells 51% Stake in Algeria's Djezzy to Settle Long Running Dispute". cellular-news. 2014-04-19. Retrieved 2014-04-19.
  4. ^ "Angola Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  5. ^ "OnMobile Launches RBT Services for Unitel Subscribers in Angola | Wireless Developer's Journal". Wireless.sys-con.com. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  6. ^ a b carol says: (15 September 2010). "Angola a lucrative market for telecoms operators". Howwemadeitinafrica.com. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  7. ^ "Telecommunications markets indicators January 2012" (PDF). Retrieved January 2012. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  8. ^ Batelco Group - Annual report 2011
  9. ^ a b c d e f "ZAIN GROUP EARNINGS RELEASE" (PDF). Zain Group. p. 2. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Benin : Tableau de bord de la telephonie mobile (Dec 2015)" (pdf). ARCEP Benin. December 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  11. ^ "Benin : Annuaire statistique 2014" (pdf). ARCEP Benin. December 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  12. ^ "GSM au Bénin : L'opérateur BBCOM hors réseau". L'Autre Fraternité Benin. 21 January 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  13. ^ a b c d "Botswana : Telecoms Statistics - Market share by number of subscriptions as at March 2015". BOCRA. March 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  14. ^ "African Mobile Observatory" (PDF). Retrieved 1 July 2012.
  15. ^ a b "Orange and Bharti Airtel International (Netherlands) BV ("Airtel") have signed an agreement leading to Orange's acquisition of Airtel's operations in Burkina Faso and Sierra Leone". orange.com. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  16. ^ "Maroc Telecom Reports 9.6 Mil. Sub-Saharan African Mobile Subscribers in December 2011". Ihs.com. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  17. ^ "Burundi mobile users up 19 pct in 2011". Reuters. 23 May 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
  18. ^ "Burundi: Econet Wireless becomes Econet Leo, following buyout of U-Com, subsidiary of VimpelCom". agenceecofin.com. 9 July 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  19. ^ "::: Lumitel- Viettel Burundi :::". arct.gov.bi. Retrieved 14 Mar 2017.
  20. ^ "Cape Verde Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  21. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 November 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
  22. ^ a b "ABONNÉS - TÉLÉPHONIE MOBILE". Retrieved 12 Mar 2018.
  23. ^ "Cameroun: Informations statistiques sur le marché de la téléphonie (Q1 & Q2 2011)" (PDF). Retrieved 1 July 2012.
  24. ^ a b c "Cameroun: l'opérateur vietnamien Nexttel annonce 2 millions d'abonnés en 8 mois d'activités". Agence Ecofin. 5 June 2015. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  25. ^ "Central African Republic Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  26. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 July 2009. Retrieved 31 March 2009.
  27. ^ a b c d e f "ABONNÉS - TÉLÉPHONIE MOBILE". ARTCI. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  28. ^ "Bintel Close To Launch Of Third African Network". Store.businessmonitor.com. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  29. ^ "Chad Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  30. ^ http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/MICC/1042867849x0x410578/4d61d055-83f3-4348-9a03-6d4909b1eb39/101019_FINAL.PDF
  31. ^ "Comores Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  32. ^ "Second Mobile Network Licensed in Comoros". Cellular-news.com. 22 April 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  33. ^ "Congo: observatoire de la telephonie mobile". ARPCE. 31 December 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  34. ^ a b c "Congo: observatoire de la telephonie mobile (abonnés)". ARPCE. 31 December 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  35. ^ "Côte d'Ivoire Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Quarterly update for the period ended 30 September 2014" (PDF). MTN. 23 October 2014. p. 3. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  37. ^ "Côte d'Ivoire". Comium.com. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  38. ^ a b c d "Côte d'Ivoire : le régulateur retire les licences mobiles de quatre opérateurs". Jeune Afrique. 31 March 2016.
  39. ^ a b c "Annual results 2014" (PDF). Vodacom. 16 May 2014. pp. 28, 29, 31, 32, 33, 34. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  40. ^ "Orange to acquire Tigo DRC". totaltele.com. 8 February 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  41. ^ "Orange to acquire Millicom's subsidiary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo". Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  42. ^ "Africell DRC attracts 1 million users in 2 months - chairman". Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  43. ^ "France Telecom to buy into Democratic Republic of Congo? | Operators". Developing Telecoms. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  44. ^ "MTN seeking DRC presence?". Telegeography.com. 22 September 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  45. ^ "Hits Africa : Hits subsidiaries". Hits Telecom. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  46. ^ "CDMA Operator Orders Fraud Detectors for Nigeria and DRC". Cellular-news.com. 28 August 2007. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  47. ^ "Smile Communications to launch LTE in DRC". RCR wireless News.com. 19 August 2015. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  48. ^ "Smile Fact Sheet" (PDF). smilecoms.com. 4 May 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  49. ^ "Djibouti Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  50. ^ a b c "Vodafone Egypt, Mobinil add 100.000 new subscribers in July 2013". Arab Finance. 27 October 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  51. ^ a b c "Results 2013" (PDF). vodafone.com. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Vodafone" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Vodafone" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  52. ^ "Equatorial Guinea Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  53. ^ "Eritrea Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  54. ^ "Ethiopia Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  55. ^ "Ethiopia: Telecom Profit Increases Despite Quality Complaints". Retrieved 8 July 2014.
  56. ^ Smith, David (22 October 2009). "Africa calling: mobile phone usage sees record rise after huge investment". The Guardian. London.
  57. ^ "Bintel wins Gabon's fourth mobile licence, plans third-quarter launch". Your Communication News. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  58. ^ a b c d e f g "Ghana: NCA Telecom Voice Subscriptions Trends 2015" (PDF). 15 February 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  59. ^ a b c d e "Guinea-Conakry : Observatoire statistique" (PDF). Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  60. ^ "Guinea : Emerging Capital Partners (ECP) invests in Cellcom Telecommunications Limited". 2008. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  61. ^ "Guinea-Bissau: ARN demands improvements from MTN and Orange". 28 July 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  62. ^ "Serviço Móvel Celular (GSM)". ARN Guine Bissau. 31 December 2013. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  63. ^ ۷۲ میلیون موبایل در دست ایرانیها/ سهم اپراتورها در بازار مشخص شد
  64. ^ "Iraq Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  65. ^ a b c d e f "H1 2014 Results" (PDF). Ooredoo. pp. 25, 26, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, . Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 January 2016. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  66. ^ "Telecommunications in Israel 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2016.
  67. ^ http://investors.cellcom.co.il/2016-08-10-Cellcom-Israel-Announces-Second-Quarter-2016-Results
  68. ^ https://www.partner.co.il/globalassets/global/quarterly_update_q2_2016.pdf
  69. ^ http://ir.bezeq.co.il/phoenix.zhtml?c=159870&p=irol-IRHome
  70. ^ http://www.golantelecom.co.il
  71. ^ http://www.telecoms.com/204951/israeli-firms-agree-network-sharing-deal/
  72. ^ a b c d "Jordan Telecommunications Regulatory Commission (Q1 2016)" (PDF). Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  73. ^ a b c d "MWL".
  74. ^ "Orange Sells its 70% Stake in Telkom Kenya". Cellular News. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  75. ^ "Kuwait Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  76. ^ "Lebanon Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  77. ^ https://www.thebusinessyear.com/lebanon-2014/connect-me/review
  78. ^ "Lesotho Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  79. ^ a b c d "Liberia : LTA annual report 2013–2014" (PDF). Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  80. ^ "Libya Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  81. ^ a b http://db.eiu.com/index.asp?layout=RKPrintVW3&article_id=551935840&printer=printer
  82. ^ "Données sur le secteur des telecommunications et TIC". Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  83. ^ http://www.gsma.com/mobilefordevelopment/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/GPM_AirtelCaseStudy190413.pdf
  84. ^ "Malawi Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  85. ^ http://allafrica.com/stories/201509080094.html
  86. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  87. ^ http://www.telegeography.com/cu/article.php?article_id=27919
  88. ^ a b "UPDATE 1-Malawi awards 2 more mobile operator licenses". Reuters. 8 April 2009.
  89. ^ http://www.telegeography.com/products/commsupdate/articles/2011/06/07/mali-to-get-third-wireless-operator/
  90. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 July 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  91. ^ https://www.telegeography.com/products/commsupdate/articles/2015/10/15/sotelma-staff-finally-acquire-stake-in-company/
  92. ^ "Mauritania Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  93. ^ http://www.telegeography.com/cu/article.php?article_id=23044
  94. ^ http://www.millicom.com/investor_relations/downloads/071019Q307InvestorpresentationFinal.pdf
  95. ^ http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/MICC/836061459x0x349910/9C96835F-56BD-4F19-B922-1F8693EA3103/Q4_09_final.pdf
  96. ^ http://www.anrt.ma/
  97. ^ "Mozambique Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  98. ^ "Sobre nós" (in Portuguese). mcel. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  99. ^ "Movitel passes the two million subscriber mark". TeleGeography. 10 May 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  100. ^ http://business.mega.mu/2011/12/06/mozambique-arrival-third-mobile-operator/
  101. ^ "Namibia Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  102. ^ http://www.mtc.com.na/annual_reports/2011/financial_report.pdf
  103. ^ "Niger nationalises state telecoms firm". Reuters. 3 May 2012.
  104. ^ "Jumia Mobile Report". Jumia. 2018. Archived from the original on 15 April 2018.
  105. ^ a b c d e f Operator data Q3 2015
  106. ^ "Oman Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  107. ^ "Annual Report 2013" (PDF). Omantel. 11 February 2014. p. 37. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  108. ^ "Palestine Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  109. ^ Wassel Group, Jawwal
  110. ^ "Qatar Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  111. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 March 2009. Retrieved 18 July 2009.
  112. ^ "Rwanda Monthly Telecom Subscribers December 2013" (PDF). Retrieved 2 March 2014.
  113. ^ a b c http://www.rura.rw/fileadmin/docs/statistics/Monthly_Telecom_Subscribers_December_2013.pdf
  114. ^ http://www.newtimes.co.rw/index.php?issue=14709&article=39867
  115. ^ "São Tomé and Príncipe Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  116. ^ "CST launches 3G in São Tomé and Príncipe".
  117. ^ "Saudi Arabia Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  118. ^ a b "AME MNO Directory". Blycroft. 15 January 2011. Retrieved 11 March 2011.
  119. ^ a b c d e Observatoire de la telephonie mobile - dec 2015
  120. ^ "Seychelles Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  121. ^ http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/icteye/DisplayCountry.aspx?countryId=217
  122. ^ https://www.telegeography.com/products/commsupdate/articles/2015/02/25/africell-group-subscribers-pass-twelve-million-in-2014-two-new-markets-sought-by-2018/
  123. ^ http://www.telegeography.com/products/commsupdate/articles/2012/02/09/airtel-launches-3g-network-in-main-cities/
  124. ^ https://www.telegeography.com/products/commsupdate/articles/2012/05/30/mdic-awarded-sierratel-management-contract/
  125. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 September 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
  126. ^ http://www.natcom.gov.sl/index.php/2-uncategorised/74-comiumshut
  127. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 June 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  128. ^ https://www.telegeography.com/products/commsupdate/articles/2014/09/22/natcom-said-to-have-revoked-ambitels-operating-licence/
  129. ^ "Somalia's civil war hides steady growth of internet services". Issue no 345. Balancing Act. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
  130. ^ a b c d e f g http://www.africantelecomsnews.com/Operators_Regulators/List_of_African_fixed_and_mobile_telcos_Somalia.html
  131. ^ "South Africa Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  132. ^ http://www.vodacom.com/pdf/quarterly-results/2018/vodacom-announcement-31012018-final.pdf
  133. ^ https://www.mtn.com/MTN%20Service%20Detail%20Quarterly%20Quarterly%20Trading%20Upd/MTN%20Q3%20Results%20Sept%202017.pdf
  134. ^ https://www.cellc.co.za/cellc/static-content/PDF/ANNUAL_RESULTS_2017.pdf
  135. ^ "Cell C to be sold to Blue Label Telecoms and staff". mybroadband.co.za. Retrieved 2016-05-26.
  136. ^ https://www.telkom.co.za/ir/apps_static/ir/pdf/financial/pdf/Intergrated-Report-2017.pdf
  137. ^ http://www.menafn.com/qn_news_story_s.asp?storyid=1093428344
  138. ^ "Vivacell launches in south Sudan". TeleGeography. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  139. ^ "Sudan (and South Sudan) Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  140. ^ "Swaziland Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  141. ^ "Syria Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  142. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 January 2009. Retrieved 16 January 2008.
  143. ^ a b c d e f g "2015 Quarterly Statistics Reports". Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority. March 2015. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  144. ^ "Viettel Global JSC". viettelglobal.vn. Retrieved 2015-11-03.
  145. ^ "Tanzania - VIETTEL GLOBAL COMPANY". viettelglobal.vn. Retrieved 2015-11-03.
  146. ^ "Togo:EVOLUTION DU MARCHE AU SECOND TRIMESTRE 2014" (PDF). Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  147. ^ a b http://www.cmf.org.tn/pdf/informations_ste/doc_ref_cmf/doc_reference_TT_2010.pdf
  148. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 January 2007. Retrieved 26 January 2007.
  149. ^ a b http://btdunyasi.net/2015-ikinci-ceyreginde-vodafone-ve-avea-abone-sayisini-artirdi-turkcellde-dusus-var/
  150. ^ "Uganda Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  151. ^ a b http://www.monitor.co.ug/OpEd/Editorial/Airtel-buys-Warid-Telecom--/-/689360/1756308/-/ygcp58/-/index.html
  152. ^ "Smart Telecom launches in Uganda". Telecompaper. 2014-03-18. Retrieved 2014-03-19.
  153. ^ "United Arab Emirates Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  154. ^ "Etisalat Group First Quarter2014 Results Presentation" (PDF).
  155. ^ http://phx.corporate-ir.net/External.File?item=UGFyZW50SUQ9MjMyMTYyfENoaWxkSUQ9LTF8VHlwZT0z&t=1
  156. ^ "Yemen Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  157. ^ "War-torn Yemeni firm winning back some customers".
  158. ^ http://www.zicta.zm/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=165:ict-sector-statistics-for-period-ending-december-2011&catid=22:er&Itemid=41
  159. ^ Matthew Hill (21 May 2014). "MTN Group Zambia Subscribers Exceed Bharti Airtel for First Time". Bloomberg. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  160. ^ "Chronicle". The Postal and Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of Zimbabwe (Potraz). Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  161. ^ a b c http://www.chronicle.co.zw/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=30817:zims-tele-density-rises-to-747-percent&catid=41:business&Itemid=133

List of EDGE networks

Subcategories